In the fall of 1958 I was just starting a graduate program in the Department of Meteorology at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. My first adviser, Professor Reid Bryson, started me off with a one credit reading course. The topic he chose was ice on lakes in cold climates along with energy balance of ice on lakes, glaciers, and the like. It was the best course I have ever taken. He started me out reading on the properties of lake ice that he and William Bunge had studied that was published in three reports to the University of Wisconsin Lake Investigations Committee and represented three years of research. Later Bryson started me on a research program repeating some of Bunge's energy balance experiments that led, eventually, to my PhD. thesis. In 1962 Bryson turned me over to Robert A. Ragotzkie as a Thesis Advisor.
One of the reports by Bunge was a discussion of the pressure ridges and ramparts that occur on fairly large lakes and he showed pictures and aerial photographs of these ridges on many lakes in the Madison, WI region. For several years, during my lake ice research, I was able to observe this ice expansion phenomenon that leads to the formation of these ridges, some of which were at least five meters high on very large lakes. Understanding these ice processes combined with the teaching of various oceanography courses involving the origin of oceans at the University at Albany led to the idea that is discussed in this web site that climate variation can possibly produce the motion of the Earth's tectonic plates. Therefore,this site is dedicated to my former mentors Professors Reid A. Bryson and Robert A. Ragotzkie.